The effects of socio-economic status on the prevalence of allergies

Anna Stangret, Martyna Żurawiecka



Introduction: More than 30% of the population suffer from allergic disorders, making it a civilization disease. Allergies are conditioned not only by genetic factors but also by environmental factors such as socio-economic status (SES).

The aim of study was to analyse the relationship batween the frequency of allergies and SES.

Materials and methods: 700 female students from the University of Łódź, Jagiellonian University and University of Physical Education in Cracow took part in the study. Students answered questions about the occurrence of allergies and specific allergens. Socio-economic status was defined by the place of residence before studies, number of siblings and education level of parents.

Results: In the studied group the occurrence of allergies was 29.71%. Women living in urban areas before studies suffered from allergies twice as often as those who had lived in rural areas. Children with siblings had allergies less often than only children. A higher level of education of parents was connected with more frequent allergic reactions, but the difference was not statistically significant. Generally, people with alower SES suffered less often from allergic reactions.

Conclusions: People with higher socio-economic status more often suffered from allergic reactions.


allergy; socio-economic status

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