Extensive dentigerous cyst associated with a maxillary mesiodens in a 55-year-old male – case report and literature review

Aleksandra Rubinkiewicz, Maciej Sikora, Marcin Sielski, Agata Stąpor, Dariusz Chlubek


Supernumerary teeth as mesiodentes in adults are a rare condition. Given that mesiodentes often interfere with the eruption of normal permanent incisors, the majority are diagnosed in teenagers. In some cases, this pathology is associated with the presence of a dentigerous cyst. Imaging techniques play a significant role in the diagnosis of cysts, particularly cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). Once the correct diagnosis is established, appropriate therapeutic measures – usually surgical – should be initiated promptly. The case presented here is that of a 55-year-old male with an extensive dentigerous cyst arising from a maxillary mesiodens. The decision was made to perform enucleation of the cyst along with the mesiodens inside it. The procedure was performed under general anesthesia. No complications were observed in the postoperative period. The histopathology report confirmed a dentigerous cyst. Radiograph images obtained 10 months postsurgery showed spontaneous bone tissue reconstruction.


mesiodens; dentigerous cyst; cone beam computed tomography; surgical treatment

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.21164/pomjlifesci.569

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License URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/pl/