Nanomateriały w stomatologii – potencjalne możliwości, zastosowanie, ograniczenia i niebezpieczeństwa. Przegląd piśmiennictwa. Część II

Bartosz Dalewski, Ewa Sobolewska, Bogumiła Frączak

Abstrakt


ABSTRAKT

Wstęp: Nanotechnologia na dobre zagościła w poszczególnych specjalizacjach stomatologicznych jako nowatorska metodologicznie idea wdrażania materiałów o zarówno podwyższonych parametrach mechanicznych, jak i posiadających olbrzymi potencjał antymikrobiologiczny. Praca przedstawia obecny postęp, perspektywy, potencjalne przyszłe zastosowania oraz ograniczenia nanocząstek w aspekcie wytrzymałości określonych materiałów stomatologicznych oraz ich odporności na biofilm jamy ustnej.

Celem niniejszego przeglądu piśmiennictwa była rzetelna analiza potencjalnych korzyści i zagrożeń wynikających z zastosowania nanocząsteczek w jamie ustnej w świetle medycyny opartej na dowodach, zarówno obecnie, jak i w niedalekiej przyszłości.

Metody: Przeszukano bazy danych Medline (PubMed) i ISI Web of Science.

Wyniki: Nanomateriały posiadają znaczący potencjał hamujący agregację płytki bakteryjnej, mogą przeciwdziałać procesom demineralizacji, remineralizować tkanki zębów oraz zwalczać określone typy drobnoustrojów. Jednakże ich zdolność do znoszenia dodatkowych obciążeń, a tym samym zwiększania wytrzymałości mechanicznej, nie znajduje potwierdzenia w obecnie dostępnym piśmiennictwie i wymaga dalszych badań. Również odległe skutki ich użycia, z potencjalną toksycznością włącznie, nakazują zachować dalece idącą ostrożność w stosowaniu.


Słowa kluczowe


akryl; grafen; nanokompozyt; kompozyty; nanocząsteczki; srebro

Pełny tekst:

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Bibliografia


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21164/pomjlifesci.374

Copyright (c) 2018 Bartosz Dalewski, Ewa Sobolewska, Bogumiła Frączak

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